History And About#

Greenlets are lightweight coroutines for in-process concurrent programming.

The “greenlet” package is a spin-off of Stackless, a version of CPython that supports micro-threads called “tasklets”. Tasklets run pseudo-concurrently (typically in a single or a few OS-level threads) and are synchronized with data exchanges on “channels”.

A “greenlet”, on the other hand, is a still more primitive notion of micro-thread with no implicit scheduling; coroutines, in other words. This is useful when you want to control exactly when your code runs. You can build custom scheduled micro-threads on top of greenlet; however, it seems that greenlets are useful on their own as a way to make advanced control flow structures. For example, we can recreate generators; the difference with Python’s own generators is that our generators can call nested functions and the nested functions can yield values too. (Additionally, you don’t need a “yield” keyword. See the example in test_generator.py).

Greenlets are provided as a C extension module for the regular unmodified interpreter.

Who is using Greenlet?#

There are several libraries that use Greenlet as a more flexible alternative to Python’s built in coroutine support:

Getting Greenlet#

The easiest way to get Greenlet is to install it with pip:

pip install greenlet

Source code archives and binary distributions are available on the python package index at https://pypi.org/project/greenlet

The source code repository is hosted on github: https://github.com/python-greenlet/greenlet

Documentation is available on readthedocs.org: https://greenlet.readthedocs.io